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asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption a review

asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption a review

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May 01, 2017  1. Introduction. This paper shows a literature review concerning energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions for the production of road pavements.The basic road pavements techniques such as, hot mix asphalt, warm mix asphalt, asphalt rubber mixtures, reclaimed asphalt pavement, Portland cement concrete and recycling are investigated.

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Asphalt mixtures and their alternative technologies consumed less energy and emitted fewer gases than Portland cement mixtures. Carbon dioxide emissions for hot mix asphalt and asphalt rubber mixtures can be 70% lower than emissions for Portland cement concrete. Some alternatives to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in ...

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The results show that the ratio of carbon emission generated by energy consumption and the volatilization of asphalt mixtures is 3:2; aggregate and asphalt heating are high-carbon emission ...

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Asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption: A review

Downloadable (with restrictions)! The objective of this paper is to assess carbon dioxide emissions and energy consumption for the production of road pavements by means of a literature review. The construction of the main types of pavements requires energy and generates greenhouse gas emissions that impact the environment. Different types of asphalt mixtures such as cold mixtures, warm ...

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emissions if modification applied for better compactability. Moreover, the energy consumptions and emissions occur within service, maintenance, and end-of-life can be reduced via improved performance of asphalt mixtures. Another environmental aspect of asphalt mixture production is

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Decreases in energy consumption of and GHG emissions 1.2% and 3.3%, respectively, result once 10% RAP is introduced to an 18% rubberized asphalt mixture. Using the ReCipe method [ 201 ], analysis of the damage point to human health (HH), ecosystem diversity (ED), and resource availability (RA) confirms approximate equality of rubber and rubber ...

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Quantifying the energy used in the production of asphalt

allow energy and carbon emission estimations to be produced for a given tonnage and number of plant starts. The key finding is that the electrical consumption, fuel use and carbon cost was calculated as 8 kWh/tonne and 9 litres/tonne with a resulting estimated carbon emission of 28.8 kgCO 2 /tonne.

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Several asphalt mixtures were also used to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of RAS on the mix performance, including a control mixture with virgin materials only, and two mixtures ...

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Carbon Footprint of Road Pavements: A Scientometric Review ...

May 31, 2021  10%  Greenhouse gas emissions from asphalt pavement construction: A case study in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, mdpi. 26. Thives, L.P., Ghisi, E. (2017). Asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier. 27.

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Warm asphalt rubber: A sustainable way for waste tire ...

Sep 24, 2020  10%  Recycling end-of-life tire rubber as asphalt modifier is known as a sustainable paving technology with merits including enhanced pavement durability, waste tire consumption and noise reduction. However, the criticisms on the high construction emissions of asphalt rubber (AR) have limited its application. Warm mix asphalt (WMA) effectively reduces the

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Evaluation of Gas Emissions, Energy Consumption and ...

Asphalt mixture is the most widely used material in road construction, and the industry is developing more sustainable technologies. Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is a promising alternative as it saves energy, reduces fuel consumption and generates fewer gas and fume emissions, while maintaining a similar performance to hot mix asphalt (HMA). This paper presents an evaluation of the gas emissions at ...

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Evaluation of Gas Emissions, Energy Consumption and ...

Aug 10, 2020  way of reducing CO2 emissions during asphalt mixture production and pavement construction [12]. InthereportpresentedbyWestetal.,anaveragefuelsavingof22.1%wasobtainedbyatemperature reduction of 9 C in the asphalt mixture [16]; thus, reducing manufacturing temperatures helps to reduce energy consumption

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Documentation for Greenhouse Gas Emission and Energy ...

Descriptions of life-cycle energy and GHG emissions data for virgin asphalt mixture are available from the Athena Sustainable Materials Institute (Athena, 2001) and in a technical report published by 2 Process non-energy GHG Emissions are emissions that occur during the manufacture of certain materials and are not associated with energy ...

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Quantifying the energy used in the production of asphalt

allow energy and carbon emission estimations to be produced for a given tonnage and number of plant starts. The key finding is that the electrical consumption, fuel use and carbon cost was calculated as 8 kWh/tonne and 9 litres/tonne with a resulting estimated carbon emission of 28.8 kgCO 2 /tonne.

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Sustainability Assessment of Green Asphalt Mixtures: A Review

Several asphalt mixtures were also used to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of RAS on the mix performance, including a control mixture with virgin materials only, and two mixtures ...

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Sustainability Assessment of Green Asphalt Mixtures: A Review

During recent decade, the pavement sustainability has received much attention by road agencies, companies, governments and research institutes. The aim of this paper is to introduce and evaluate the sustainability of the technologies developed or underdeveloped to address environmental issues of asphalt mixtures, and the waste materials and by-products that can be recycled and reused in ...

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PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF ASPHALT MIXTURES

in the US that produce about 400 million tons of asphalt mixtures annually (1, 2). The production of asphalt involves a major expenditure of natural resources and release of emissions (3). In light of this, a good step towards achieving sustainability in the industry is the ability to incorporate recycled material in asphalt mixtures.

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Performance-based design of recycled hot-mix asphalt (HMA ...

Some environmental problems, such as energy consumptions and harmful substance emission, can not be ignored in the production of asphalt mixtures. Jahanbakhsh et al. have collected and displayed the data of energy consumption, CO 2 release, and other pollutions emission during the production of HMAs . These data are then utilized in our research.

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U.S. CO2 emissions from energy consumption by source

) emissions from geothermal and nonbiomass waste for electric power sector use not shown elsewhere, See EIA’s Monthly Energy Review, Section 11. See “Extended Chart Notes” on next page. a CO 2 emissions from primary energy consumption. Each energy source is measured in different physical units and converted to metric tons of CO 2.

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A REVIEW ON USE OF STEEL SLAG IN ASPHALT ROAD

cold mixtures, warm mixtures, asphalt rubber mixtures and mixtures with reclaimed asphalt pavement were assessed. The fuel used in the burners that heat and dry the aggregates is the main source of emissions. Also, the aggregates moisture content is an important parameter that influences the energy consumption.

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Energy Usage and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Pavement ...

Asphalt Energy consumption for asphalt binder production includes crude oil extraction, transport, and refining. En-ergy consumption for asphalt binders has been determined to be 4.2 mmBTU/t (4900 MJ/t), and GHG emis-sions are 570 lb CO2/t (285 kg CO2/t). For asphalt emulsions, energy consumption is 3.0 mmBTU/t (3490

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Environmental Impacts of Producing Asphalt Mixtures with ...

EPA) reported that using 20% RAP and 7% RAS in an asphalt mixture reduced GHG emissions by 16% with no landfill credit, emphasizing the importance of recycled asphalt materials in material production (7). The degree of savings in total energy use and GHG emissions differs

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Calculation of energy and carbon dioxide on asphalt

2. Material consumption including fuels. 3. Energy consumption. 4. Emissions to air. From the Swedish Transport Administration, Kristina Martinsson and Torbjörn Jacobson have been managing the research project "Energy Efficient Asphalt Pavements" and participated in the work of the development of EKA. 2. BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT THE TOOL

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Evaluation of a Cold-Mixed High-Performance Polyurethane ...

Nov 07, 2019  The energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission of asphalt pavement have become a very serious global problem. The high-temperature stability and durability of polyurethane (PU) are very good. It is studied as an alternative binder for asphalt recently. However, the strength-forming mechanism and the mixture structure of the PU mixture are different from the asphalt mixture.

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Greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption in asphalt ...

This study aims to quantify emissions in different asphalt plants, in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) and energy consumption. Asphalt plants were selected according to their type (batch ...

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Modeling and Validation of Energy Consumption in Asphalt ...

Chong et al. (2016) performed a modeling of energy consumption in the process of asphalt mixture production using thermodynamic models in order to estimate energy use, costs, and greenhouse gas ...

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COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF FOUR WARM ASPHALT

reduces energy consumption, carbon dioxide emission, and asphalt oxidation but also increases paving season and hauling distance for a better working environment. In the past, a number of researchers evaluated various WMA mixtures using certain testing protocols in the laboratory. However, none of them evaluated all the major WMA

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PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF WARM MIX ASPHALT

Mar 01, 2016  Specifically within construction, sustainability is met through the reduction of emissions, virgin material use, and energy consumption (1). Asphalt concrete producers have begun to evaluate sustainable construction practices by adding recycled materials and utilizing new technologies (1). Therefore, asphalt

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A Quantitative Rating System for Pollutant Emission ...

Oct 26, 2017  This study develops a rating system of asphalt mixtures from three aspects, namely, pollutant emissions of asphalt mixture, energy consumption, and exhaust from construction machines, to address the aforementioned problems. The classification of indices is presented to promote energy conservation and emission reduction.

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PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF ASPHALT MIXTURES

in the US that produce about 400 million tons of asphalt mixtures annually (1, 2). The production of asphalt involves a major expenditure of natural resources and release of emissions (3). In light of this, a good step towards achieving sustainability in the industry is the ability to incorporate recycled material in asphalt mixtures.

get price

Performance-based design of recycled hot-mix asphalt (HMA ...

Some environmental problems, such as energy consumptions and harmful substance emission, can not be ignored in the production of asphalt mixtures. Jahanbakhsh et al. have collected and displayed the data of energy consumption, CO 2 release, and other pollutions emission during the production of HMAs . These data are then utilized in our research.

get price

Evaluation of a Cold-Mixed High-Performance Polyurethane ...

Nov 07, 2019  The energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission of asphalt pavement have become a very serious global problem. The high-temperature stability and durability of polyurethane (PU) are very good. It is studied as an alternative binder for asphalt recently. However, the strength-forming mechanism and the mixture structure of the PU mixture are different from the asphalt mixture.

get price

U.S. CO2 emissions from energy consumption by source

) emissions from geothermal and nonbiomass waste for electric power sector use not shown elsewhere, See EIA’s Monthly Energy Review, Section 11. See “Extended Chart Notes” on next page. a CO 2 emissions from primary energy consumption. Each energy source is measured in different physical units and converted to metric tons of CO 2.

get price

Environmental Impacts of Producing Asphalt Mixtures with ...

EPA) reported that using 20% RAP and 7% RAS in an asphalt mixture reduced GHG emissions by 16% with no landfill credit, emphasizing the importance of recycled asphalt materials in material production (7). The degree of savings in total energy use and GHG emissions differs

get price

Energy Star Pilot Program - National Asphalt Pavement ...

NAPA/ENERGY STAR Pilot Program The National Asphalt Pavement Association (NAPA) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s ENERGY STAR program are launching a pilot program to reduce energy consumption and costs at asphalt mixture production facilities through the use of proven practices and technologies.

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Crumb rubber asphalt mixtures: A literature review

Crumb rubber asphalt mixtures: A literature review Crumb rubber (CR) from end-of-life tyres has been used for several decades to improve asphalt mixtures properties. Three main processes of adding CR have been applied to produce asphalt rubber (AR) mixtures: the wet process, the dry process and the terminal blend process.

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Documentation for Greenhouse Gas Emission and Energy ...

Descriptions of life-cycle energy and GHG emissions data for virgin asphalt mixture are available from the Athena Sustainable Materials Institute (Athena, 2001) and in a technical report published by 2 Process non-energy GHG Emissions are emissions that occur during the manufacture of certain materials and are not associated with energy ...

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The application of warm mix asphalt technology in China:

to cut greenhouse gas emissions [6]. This paper presents a review of literature on the technologies, ... the same as the hot mix asphalt mixture in performance, but the cost of production is higher than the HMA by 20%. In order to reduce the cost of production and improve the performance of WMA, shell ... the energy consumption.

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